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Introduction to Humanities

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Modernity typically refers to a broad, frequently debated term that describes the past of western civilization during the classical modernity phase that dates back to the nineteenth century. This modernity phase features include urbanization, computerization, departure from traditional life and religious beliefs and embracing scientific rationalism and liberalism, formal procedures of work distribution, resulting in high quality production, low cost of living.

Modernity was signified by embracing computerization, professionalism in work places, quality control, improved medical services, high quality education and improved infrastructure.

Situation Analysis

There are positive effects of modernity, as reflected in the works of artists and thinkers of the industrial age. It has led to the emergence of what is commonly known as the first world countries. Modernity increased life expectancy, brought higher standards of living. This modernity phase marked increase in the quality of public education and affordable medical services. Work distribution and specialization have improved the quality of production and resulted in professionalism in the work area. During this modernity phase market economies have become much more impressive due to centrally planned economies, with technological advancement and agricultural peasantry. As much as modernity is considered to have positive effects, there are critiques that encourage loss of traditional values and relationships. In addition to this, there is a high cost associated with the whole thing about modernity to cater for urbanization, quality education costs and infrastructure costs. This, in return, causes high cost in accessing the modern objects, thus, resulting in formation of a gap between people who can afford modern conveniences and those, who can not.

Production of modern things leads to health and environmental concerns about the problem of by-products disposing . This means modern objects are available to people but they may have an ill effect.


Modernity has improved people’s standard of living and life expectancy. Among the negative aspects of modernity are the tendency of loosing the traditional values and growing health and environmental concerns

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