Custom «Euthanasia» Essay Paper
Euthanasia refers to the painless killing of an individual suffering from painful and incurable disease or in a coma that is not reversible. This practice is illegal in a number of countries and legal in a few countries because of various reasons. Therefore, legalization of euthanasia is a debatable topic. Some ethical theories such as utilitarianism are significant in explaining the morality of euthanasia. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory, which holds that the proper course of an action is the one that brings about overall happiness. This discussion will consider how utilitarianism would look at the morality of euthanasia in various situations.
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Utilitarianism, as an ethical theory, is extremely significant in explaining why people should permit euthanasia or why euthanasia is an unethical practice, depending on the current situation. According to utilitarianism, when an individual undergoes tremendous pain and misery, it is morally right to execute euthanasia in order to relief the suffering person. If an individual prefers to die than continue to suffer from pain and misery, it is their own decision, and the government should not interfere. On the other hand, utilitarianism can consider euthanasia as an unethical action. This happens when people use euthanasia abusively. Sick individuals might feel pressured into agreeing to euthanasia by doctors who want to use medical resources for other patients, or by close family members who do not want to continue incurring medical costs. This is involuntary euthanasia, and according to utilitarianism, involuntary euthanasia is an immoral action. Patients who experience involuntary euthanasia die unhappily.
Therefore, according to utilitarianism, euthanasia can be a moral or immoral action depending on the situation in which it happens. For instance, voluntary euthanasia is a moral action because the patient desires to discontinue misery and pain while involuntary euthanasia is immoral because the patient wants to continue living. Utilitarianism is a significant ethical theory that explains the morality and immorality of euthanasia.
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