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Allegory of the cave and the giver are two works of art that are attributed to Plato and Lowry. In the allegory of the cave, Plato brings out the idea of general operation of human being. To him, human being has the ability to think and utter words without necessarily being aware of what is going on in his surroundings. He compares human beings to people who have been jailed inside a cave, and they are not able to turn and look at what is in their surroundings (Lawrence, 18). In the cave also, there exists puppeteers, but the prisoners can only hear the sounds produced by the puppeteers yet they cannot see who is producing the sound. There is, therefore, a possibility that such prisoners will not be able to make out the reality from appearance. For them the walls around them are real, but they are not aware of the reality outside their sight.
Plato, in the allegory of the cave, tries to justify the fact that human beings may have perceived knowledge of various things. It will not be right for them to justify that what they see is equivalent to what they perceive. Lowry, on the other hand, in his work of art, The Giver, analyses the nature of the society. It depicts the extent to which the society takes control over the total life of an individual (Flora and Taylor, 224). Decisions that an individual should make are all made by the elders. This decision includes who to marry and the job that one is to undertake. The author explains the nature of the society using an actor named Jona, who has been chosen a profession of becoming the receiver.
There are various similarities and differences that are figured out from the two stories. Both Plato and Lowry have expounded on the events that surround the society at large. They talk of the control that the society has on its people. According to Plato human beings are being controlled inside a cave. This act makes them to only be aware of the walls that surround them. When shadows pass by, they perceive that they have seen the reality yet this is not true. For Lowry, the society takes full control of its people. From birth to death, everything that one engages in is to be chosen to them by the society (Lawrence, 134). In both novels, rules and orders are portrayed as having negative impacts on the populace. They are used to snatch freedom, ability to make personal decisions, and independence of each and every person in the society. According to Lowry, the society has put down rules that are used to guide an individual on various decisions that they are undertaking. Those rules imprison one to a career that he has been chosen for. In Plato’s novel, the society is likened to a prisoner, who has been placed in a cave. He has no ability to make his own decisions and is not able to make out the reality from the perceived truth. Both the authors have different meanings of how the society can be blindfolded from knowing the truth. For Lowry, it is done through the use of rules that have been laid down in the society, which every individual has to follow, while in the allegory of the cave, one is imprisoned in a cave, where he cannot turn the neck and therefore, is not able to distinguish the reality from the perceived nature. They are living in comfort, but are ignorant of the realities in the world.
In both pieces of art, the stories of the reality are told through the use of objects. In the allegory of the cave, the author uses prisoners who are imprisoned in a cave, while in the giver; the author uses a person called Jona with whom the society has to make all the decisions regarding his life. Their main aim is to enlighten the society on the evils that are being perpetrated by those in power. They are aiming at enlightening the society on the necessity of having freedom from all forms of injustices being carried in the society. The theme of suffering is brought out in both the allegory of the cave and the giver. The society has been imprisoned by the rules set by the society. They cannot make their own decisions hence have to undertake what the society has chosen for them. The same applies to the prisoners in the cave, they have been imprisoned and have to follow rules and regulations set according to the law (Flora and Taylor, 987).
The difference that comes between the two pieces of art is that though they undergo both physical and emotional suffering, there is a difference in the nature of their suffering. The prisoners are in a cave and they cannot turn their necks to see what is going on in the society they are living in, while those imprisoned by the law of the society in the giver are able to learn from the mistakes that are in the society (Lawrence, 78). At the back of the cave, there exist puppeteers, who are casting shadows on the walls where the prisoners think they are perceiving reality. The allegory of the cave also brings out the reality that people may think that they are living in the truth while the reality is that they are not living in any truth at all. According to Plato, the prisoners thought that the shadows were true images of a book, but the reality was that they had not seen a book at all. In the giver, the society has been imprisoned by the set laws and they follow without questioning. In the process of living they realize that there are so many mistakes that the society has made and they try to search for the real truth (Flora and Taylor, 675).
Both pieces of art also describe how freedom can be attained. In the allegory of the cave, freedom can only be obtained through the release of the prisoners from the cave. Their release will make them turn their necks and see the truth. They will be able to see the objects that are being tuned to produce various sounds as opposed to their hearing of sounds produced by unseen objects. In the giver, freedom can only be attained when an individual has in the process of following the rules set by the society, been able to learn from the mistakes of the past and seek a new beginning.
The two pieces of art speaks to the reality in the world today. Most people are suffering from rules and regulations set down in the society with the main aim of imprisoning those who adhere to them. There are some societies depicted by the giver who in the process of following the rules have realized the truth and are in the process of building up a new nation (Lawrence, 185). Imprisonment occurs in various sectors of the society, ranging from the economy and political nature of the society. Change of leadership in the society is what at most time’s individuals use to gain freedom. To Lowry therefore, it is essential for the citizens to critically analyze the events in the surrounding so as to make a choice on whether they need to be changed. In the allegory of the cave, Plato puts out clearly the fact that people need to come out of the cave they are in if they are to get their freedom.
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