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Chinese History

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China’s democracy during the 20th Century is not associated with Communism. However, many people believe that Mao Zedong’s revolution and the students’ protest that took place in 1989, at the Tiananmen Square was very important (Patricia, 1993). Even though China lacks republican system when compared to countries like the United States, there have been continued struggle for democracy. Much of the struggles have been witnessed in areas of press freedom, assembly and speech. The paper, therefore, seeks to highlight struggles that the Chinese underwent in the 20th Century when they were advocating for equality in the public and politics that supports true democracy (Patricia, 1993).


During the early 20th Century revolutionaries in China, the Chinese fought oppressive governments that controlled democratic values like freedom of assembly and speech. The May Fourth Movement of 1919 was an example of such struggles. Under this movement, students declined to be enslaved by foreign powers. Nevertheless, they were deprived the freedom of expressing their views by what was called Northern Warlord government.  As a result, students demonstrated against the repressive government. Indeed, the protest marked the beginning of mass protests along the streets (Patricia, 1993).

Furthermore, when the Warlord government started silencing the protestors, students continued demanding for their rights. These students advocated for freedom of association, assembly, and expression of political views. The May Fourth association catalyzed future Chinese resistance of the oppressive government (Patricia, 1993).

Later, labor organizations applied the same reasoning to call for strike. The union leaders believed that the workers were oppressed by Feudal Warlords, who deprived workers fair wages and freedom of assembly. Therefore, the union leaders thought that it was necessary for the Shanghai government to set up the leadership that allows workers; the freedom of press and speech, formation of associations, and to go on strike (Patricia, 1993). The desire for liberation was demonstrated by the working class, who were against dictatorship. In fact, the end of strikes did not mean retreat; but prepared the groundwork for more struggles. This is because, the words from the union leaders foreshadowed the fight for survival in China a decade later (Patricia, 1993).


To sum, it is apparent that, even though some people still look at China as a nation that is not liberal, continued struggles for democracy in the twentieth Century proved that, like other Nations in the West, China shares common principles of democracy. Years later, the Communist Revolution has become a force in China; hence it could result into a peaceful world.

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