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Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that is transmitted sexually. The disease is very common in the United States, with 5% of adults’ population contracting it and about 10% of sexually active youths, being infected by the same disease. The disease is common among young adults below 25 years of age, people in urban areas, African American and among those people of low social class. Chlamydia is caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis. The modes of transmission includes sexual contacts or from mother to child during birth through the birth canal. In newborns Chlamydia can cause pneumonia and serious eye infections.
The symptoms of Chlamydia are dependent on gender. About 70% to 80% of women any do not show any symptoms. However, some women bleed after sex or between monthly periods, experience pains in the lower abdomen and during urination and discharge from vagina. Few men display the symptoms such as pain during urination, discharge from the penis and inflammation of ducts in the testicles. The testicles become tender and painful. When one experiences such signs it advisable to visit a doctor, since the disease can develop to serious levels if it is not treated. In women it can lead to inflammation of the pelvis, which can cause sterility.
During diagnosis of Chlamydia, physical examinations may be carried out. In women, tenderness in the sexual organ, pus from vagina and fever could indicate infection. In men discharge of pus from genital area is an indication of infection. Diagnostic tests may involve taking samples of discharge and examining them under the microscope, to determine the causative organisms. Samples of urine may be tested for the presence of the causative bacteria along other sexually transmitted infections.
Antibiotics are used to treat Chlamydia. This includes azithromycin which is a single dose pill, or doxycycline which is taken twice daily. The two drugs have a high curing rate for the infection. The dose regime should be completed as directed by the doctor. One should ensure that their partners are not infected, and they should be retested after treatment to ensure that they are completely healed.
To prevent infection from the disease, one should use a condom during sexual intercourse and also avoid risk with multiple partners. Infected partners should be treated before any other sexual activity with them. If not treated, Chlamydia can develop various complications. It can cause pelvic inflammation disease in about 10% to 40%. 5% of these women with this disease develop perihepatitis. Women also develop chronic pain in the pelvis which can cause sterility due to blockage of the fallopian tubes. Fallopian tube allows the egg to move down to the uterus. Men may develop sexually acquired reactive arthritis or Reiter syndrome.
In his article on genital herpes, Davidson has explained very well about the disease. He has touched on the cause, diagnosis and treatment of the disease. He has also clearly stated the appropriate time to see a doctor and the follow up of treatment. He has also explained on prognosis of genital herpes. However he has failed to indicate the specific medications used in the treatment of the disease and also he does not tell us the signs associated with herpes
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