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Central Auditory Processing Disorder

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Auditory Processing Disorder encompasses all disorders that are related to procession of auditory information by the brain. APD has nothing to do with problems with hearing since people who are affected by this disorder have the ability to hear. Central Processing Disorder can either be acquired or inherited. Some of the causes of this disorder include ear infections, injuries in the head as well as delayed development. Some issues which are associated with this complication include lateralization as well as localization of sound. Auditory Processing Disorder is manly associated with dichotic listening which is as a result of degraded auditory signals. These are some of the signs that are experienced with patients among many other symptoms. Basically Auditory Processing is as a result of damaged neural function and this can be detected when a person has poor recognition as well as poor discrimination of sounds that are not associated with speech (Foli and Hallowell, 2003).

Characteristics of APD include poor grouping, separation and detection of sounds that are not related with speech. This disorder is not easily identified especially among children. There are many issues that are related to this disorder that have been left unresolved due to the difficulties that exist when it comes to treating and identifying the disorder. It’s not easy to detect this disorder and that is the reason most of the time APD is misdiagnosed as other types of autism. There are many other disorders which develop as a result of this condition and this characteristic plays a major role in the diagnosis of APD. In case there is disease overlap Auditory Processing Disorder will share some of its characteristic with the other auditory infection. This is the main reason why a physician who does not know much about this ailment will misdiagnose it as another common auditory illness.

People suffering from this disorder experience problems in procession of verbal information. An Auditory Processing Disorder victim with specialized processing failure is not in a position to comprehend or process what people may say to them. Despite the fact that they can repeat the information word for word they fail to understand the meaning of those words. This is a major hindrance to communication because repeating of the necessary information without procession of that information is of little use. Talking loudly to such a person does not yield much fruits. The problem with procession of information has its origin in the brain of the individual. Since verbal language is a reflection of written this problem may further extend to writing and reading. Some other implications of Auditory Processing Disorder may be hidden to the person with the disorder (Bellis, 2003).

Most of the times people who are suffering from this complication may be used to guessing in order to fill the missing links in the necessary information and as result they may fail to discover that they have an information processing disorder. They may not even realize that the words they guessed never had the same meaning as the intended one. The definition of this disorder has been done anatomically in relation to the nerves system that is involved with auditory as well as personal integrity in terms of action proceeding hearing. Auditory Processing Disorder has also been assessed in terms of the outcome of the behavioral auditory test. ASHA defines Auditory Processing Disorder in relation to the missing or misplaced behavior as a result of the necessary test. The specifics that are essential for the diagnosis of this disorder are yet to be identified (Bellis, 2003).

Auditory Processing Disorder does not temper with the hearing ability of the person but only the ability to process the perceived information. Research that have been done indicate that the existing APD test are sensitive to factors which are not related to the nature of the disorder. Modality specificity is necessary if proper diagnosis of Auditory Processing disorder has to be done. Almost every specified test has some short falls for instance modality specific test will have issues with differentiating children with Auditory Processing Disorder from those with visual processing deficits. The primary cause of this disorder is still unknown. Some speculations in relation to its cause include oxygen shortage when a mother is giving birth, inner ear infections, dyslexia and many specialist associates its development with presence of autistic spectrum disorder. Treating a disease whose cause is unknown is very challenging and that is one of the factors that attributes to the difficult in the detection and treatment of Auditory Processing Disorder (Katz, Stecker and Henderson, 1992).

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