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The criterion used in evaluation of literature work varies from a wide range of literary devices and styles used in literature works. For instance, the evaluation of short stories involves an analysis of how the plot develops through the use of exposition, symbolism, imagery, suspense and conflict. These are only a few of the literary tools used. Literary tools in works of literature determine its quality and acceptance as a literary work. Exposition is a writing style that entails providing information to explain things in which the reader is told the background information of a story. It is an effective way of developing drama in a story. Symbolism is the use of indirect use of words to convey ideas in literature works. Conflict is the presentation two incompatible interests or thoughts. Conflict is essential in developing the plot of a story (Britannica).
I chose “the hunters in the snow” and “the cask of amontillado” short stories for evaluation in this assignment. The “hunters in the snow” is in the North America and tell of three characters who go hunting in the woods. Each character has a unique personality, which revolutionizes as the story unfolds. The “cask of amontillado” is a story presented in the first person narrator who we only come nearly at the end of the story. The narrator tells us from the start that Fortunato has inflicted harm on him. In addition, Fortunato has insulted him. The narrator must avenge. The ordeal begins when the narrator meets Fortunato who is excessively drunk and lures him in order to get revenge against him (Thomas & Johnson 105).
In the short, story “the hunters in the snow” the author uses indirect character presentation hence exposition dominates the plot of the story. The first pages of the story dwell on explaining to us what they are planning and who the characters are. The use of exposition effectively achieves the purpose of creating drama in the story. Being a fiction, this makes the story more interesting. The use of exposition should have the effect of building and increasing drama. The “hunters in the snow” has meet since drama has been achieved as the character set off to hunt, they tease Tub about his weight and Frank about his illegitimate affair with a teenage. The drama progresses throughout the story hence keep the reader absorbed in the story. “They started off across the field. Tub had trouble getting through the fences. Frank and Kenny could have helped him; they could have lifted up on the top wire and stepped on the bottom wire, but they did not. They stood and watched him. There were a lot of fences and Tub was puffing when they reached the woods.” Therefore, “the hunters in the snow” meets the criteria of exposition (John Sutherland 205).
The author does not tell us directly what the nature of the characters is but rather uses indirect character presentation. By doing this, he left us, the readers, wondering what the characters’ true nature is. Later on, it is revealed to us what the characters stand for through their actions and not by direct explanation. Hence, this keeps us absorbed in the story from its beginning to the end. For instance, suspense is created when the author introduces us to Tub when he follows Kenny and Frank back to the truck. The author tells us:
“He sat down on a stump and wiped his face. He ate both the sandwiches and half the cookies, taking his own sweet time.”
This is after the three had taken lunch in, which Tub ate, a boiled egg and a stick of celery claiming to be on a diet. This is a clue to what Tub’s true nature is since the other men frequently mock Tub of his weight. Hence, the reader now comprehends Tub fully. The short story hunters in the snow do match my criteria since the use of exposition as a literary device has the effect of fully informing the reader and developing fiction (Thomas & Johnson 104).
Imagery is the use of figurative language to express ideas. With imagery and first person point of view, that is the author’s perspective of telling a story, for instance “the cask of amontillado “Short story. In “The Cask of Amontillado,” the author employs the first person narrator point of view to develop the plot of the story. The author uses a monotonous, persistent perverse narration throughout. Every aspect of the story takes a symbolic meaning and the details refer to something else hence catches my attention. This story meets the criteria of imagery and compelled me to read on the story. For instance, “its walls had been lined with human remains piled to the vault overhead, in the fashion of the great catacombs of Paris.” Fortunato follows the narrator into the graveyard. This indicates Fortunato is meeting his death (John Sutherland 268).
The point of view is crucial since it has a significant role in influencing the perception of the story by the readers. Being the narrator, Montresor is entitled to his own point of view, which is vengeful, telling us that he vowed revenge against Fortunato. As it is stated in his family’s coat of arms, “no one attacks me with impunity.” Both Montresor and Fortunato have a history, which for Montresor is a bitter history. This revelation creates an emotional attachment with the reader and enhances suspense, as we get eager to find out what will transpire. This story meets my point of view criteria since the narrator told us Fortunato had hurt him. “The thousand injuries of Fortunato I had borne as I best could, but when he ventured upon insult I vowed revenge.” The first person narrator point of view contributes much in developing the theme of revenge as Montresor carries out his dreadful series of retribution, which he implements in a mass grave. This story meets my criteria of conflict since it has come out as captivating. We are told of the account of how the narrator got his revenge. “It was now midnight, and my task was ending. I had completed the eighth, the ninth, and the tenth tier. I had finished a portion of the last and the eleventh; there remained but a single stone to be fitted and plastered”. The point of view of the story in which Montresor dictates in every respect progresses and the reader gets to know only what he says (Thomas & Johnson 105).
The reader moves through the story while Montresor plans and carries out his revenge against Fortunato. A conflict arises when Montresor seeks to give Fortunato a lasting punishment since there is no other way to get away with it. On the other hand, Fortunato must never get a chance to revenge back otherwise Montresor will lose. Beside the things that Montresor reveals, we do not get to know anything else. However, the story is resolved since the narrator gets revenge. Resolution keeps me eager to find out the outcome of the plot. Resolution kept absorbed to find out whether the narrator got his revenge or not. The narrator tells us Fortunato walked into a man-sized hole that was part the wall of filthy crypt. The narrator buried him by closing the opening with bricks. “I had completed the eighth, the ninth, and the tenth tier. I had finished a portion of the last and the eleventh; there remained but a single stone to be fitted and plastered in. I struggled with its weight; I placed it partially in its destined position.” Therefore, we can conclude that the story has been resolved (Thomas & Johnson 105).
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