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Immigration Reform in the United States

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United States Immigration has been, challenged all along to enact reforms since there have been many incidences of illegal immigrations into the country (Katy, 2010). Some of the proposals that have been, passed include increasing the Border Patrol officers, increasing the country's Immigration Enforcement (ICE) agents in combating smuggling operations, increasing enforcement inspectors at the ICE work site and increasing inspection resources, increasing detection officers for ICE document fraud and improving detection capability,  increasing of personnel for effective conducting of inspections for contraband, drugs, and illegal immigrants at America’s ports, improving infrastructure, technology, and resources for assisting the Border Patrol and increasing resources for prosecution of human traffickers, drug smugglers, and unauthorized border crossers (Darren, 2010). These efforts have been, complimented with efforts to introduce the social security cards that will be, used as identifications of the legality in crossing the borders. Not later than 18 months after enacting the reforms proposal, the Social Security Administration of the country will immediately start issuing biometric security cards (Alex, 2010). These cards will be tamper-resistant, fraud-resistant, wear resistant, and machine-readable cards that will contain an electronically coded micro-processing chip and a photograph which possesses a particular biometric identifier for the card-bearer (Katy, 2010).

Pros for the ID reforms

The American government has a whopping thought in coming up with the social security cards normally being, handled as biometric social security card (Chris, 2010). The strategy is a fantastic idea as it is quite effective in solving the illegal immigrant problem. The card will help prevent future waves of illegal immigrant into the country because it will stop the recruitment, hiring or referral of unauthorized immigrants in America’s workplaces (Katy, 2010). Jobs have been some of the strongest points of hiding for the illegal immigrants and, therefore, the social security cards will solve this issue once and for all (Darren, 2010).

The card will be of significant advantage as it will be able to provide biometric identifiers credential, allow electronic authentication capability, allow the verification of the individual locally without the need to access a biometric database, allow offline verification capability (doing away with the need for online databases running throughout, develop security features, which protect the information on the card, develop privacy protections, which allow the user to control the person able to access information on the card and complies with biometric standards and authentication recognized by international and domestic standards organizations (Chris, 2010).

The security card option will also be advantageous as it will all the individual cardholder to have control over who can access their general information as they wish, and allow them to use electronic authentication of the credential in determining their work authorization (Chris, 2010). Therefore, it is stipulated to be an excellent strategy if well applied by the government within its immigration reforms strategies (Alex, 2010).

Cons of the ID reforms

However, the social security cards come with considerable weaknesses as it applies in controlling the illegal immigration (Darren, 2010). For one, with the biometric national ID card provision draft bill becoming law, it will be outright that every worker in America must be fingerprinted, and introduction of a new federal bureaucracy set in place to cope with the changes (Chris, 2010). This means that it will take ages to make sure that all people within the American boundaries are, fingerprinted since the country has an extremely large population (Alex, 2010). This might take a lot of time and to be sincere, there are many people who will not access the services especially those in the remote areas (Katy, 2010). The process of registration will also create tension among the country’s population since for sure, there are millions of illegal immigrants who would not fall for the strategy and would oppose it with zeal and force (Chris, 2010).

On the same note, it is a hectic process that will cost the country hundreds of billions of dollars from the registration to the creation and issuing of these cards (Katy, 2010). A civil liberties advocacy group in the country was on strong opposition of the social security card arguing with proof that this process if too expensive for the country and it might have a remarkably strong effect on the economy (Darren, 2010). On the same note, the creation of biometric national ID will not only hold as astronomically expensive, but it will also usher the government into the center of individuals’ lives (Chris, 2010). This is an infringement to the privacy of individuals, and it counts as bleach to the country’s constitution that supports human rights application (Alex, 2010). It is clear that all workers in the country will need a government permission slip for them to in the country, and in return, they will have to provide even the most sensitive individual information (Chris, 2010). The introduction of a new federal bureaucracy will also be disadvantageous as it will bring in a combination of the worst elements of the T.S.A. and D.M.V, which are not fit in the running of the respective regions. With this in mind, even with the thought and plan of having the security cards introduced in the system, there is a need for the government to strategize and consider other possible options that could sound better and more effective in the process of the immigration reforms (Katy, 2010).

Instead of the introducing biometric cards that seem to have negative aspects, which could cost the country heavily, implementing strategies of handling the already illegally migrated population is better and from there start controlling the immigrations for future sake (Darren, 2010). In this case, the country will need to set the benchmarks and fortify the border enforcement capabilities as the first priorities (Chris, 2010). It will, therefore, demand the substantial increment of the number of border patrol agents. They have to be well stationed on the northern and southern borders and the number of administrators stationed at America’s ports of entry. Thorough inspections need to be conducted for contraband, drugs, and illegal immigrants (Katy, 2010). Additionally, rather than spending all this much in billions of federal dollars on security cards, it would be wiser to advance border technology. In this case, installing high-tech ground sensors on the borders of the country and equipping the regions with patrol officers that will be provided with technological capability of responding to activation of the ground sensors as they patrol the borders. The solution is by far more cost-effective compared to the security cards estimated hefty budget (Darren, 2010).

The border might also require secure and clear two-way communication capabilities to enable the communication among all border patrol agents who conduct operations between entry ports (Chris, 2010). One more extensive strategy in the reforms to reduce the illegal immigrants might involve increasing the number of helicopters, sport utility vehicles, power boats, and portable computers. This is to help in easy tracking of drug smugglers and illegal immigrants while inside of a night vision equipment, a border patrol vehicle, Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), scope trucks, Remote Surveillance Systems (RVSS), and Mobile Surveillance Systems (MSS) (Katy, 2010). With this in hand, it will be easy to reform the immigration systems and proper adjust to effective ways of handling the illegal immigrations (Darren, 2010).

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