Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a medical condition that results to a serious disorder in an individual blood when the proteins that control blood clotting become abnormally active. This process results to a person developing small blood clots inside every blood vessel throughout the body; these small clots will eventually use up the coagulation proteins and platelets that are substances responsible for blood clotting will not be able to operate sufficiently. Thus disrupting the normal process of blood clotting incase there is bleeding from the skin thus resulting to excessive bleeding (Armola, 2007). These small blood clots most likely affects the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract and surgical wounds it also affects the normal flow of blood to organs such as the liver, heart, brain amongst others thus resulting to malfunction of an individuals body (Dressler, 2004).This condition can be rapid or even slow and chronic depending on the patient’s medical condition but once a patient is suffering from this condition there are high chances of the patient developing multiple organ failures and death may eventually occur.
This condition is responsible for a variety of medical conditions including Ischemia, Thrombosis, and Excessive Bleeding (Dressler, 2004). Ischemia is a condition where the an individual becomes thinner and thinner because for the patients body organs don’t get enough supply of blood this is as a result of the blocked blood vessels as a result of the small clots inside their blood vessels; thus making it impossible for the blood to flow in its normal order into the vital body organs thus making a patient possess anemia like symptoms. Thrombosis is also another medical condition that is characterized with the clotting of blood in the vessels, thus resulting to the obstruction of the flow of blood throughout the circulatory system even if the body tissue isn’t injured the blood will clot while inside the blood vessel and in consequence resulting to the blocking of the blood vessels (Armola, 2007). The condition is also responsible of excess bleeding this is as a result of the bursting of the blood vessels as a result of the pressure from the clotting and in some case it is the case of a cut the blood platelet and proteins will not be in a position of clotting in order to stop the bleeding thus resulting to excessive bleeding of an individual.
Causes and the treatments Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)
There are several factors that are considered as the main contributors of these conditions in an individual they include cancers of the lungs, pancreas, and stomach and even prostrate cancer viral infections and Acute Myeloid Leukemia (APML) also results to the disorder. Another cause includes the cases of massive tissue injuries like Trauma, Burns and Extensive Surgeries. Infections also play a significant factor in one developing the disorder infections like malaria, Gram–negative sepsis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Histoplasmosis amongst other infections results to the condition. Miscellaneous conditions like Shock, Stroke, Snake Bites and Liver Diseases are also contributors of this condition.
The notable symptoms of this condition includes haemorrhage this is where an individual will be acutely ill and experience constant bleed in body openings like the mouth, nose, ears that bleed constantly with no indication of the blood clotting leading to excess blood loss. Other sign for the disorder will be Extensive Bruises and Renal Failures.
A patient that is diagnosed with the acute or mild cases of hemorrhage is subjected to treatment after identifying the individual’s condition and from the identification of the cause of the condition a patient is subjected to the relevant treatment; thus in cases of mild cases of no bleeding a patient is subjected to fresh frozen plasma will be administered in an individuals blood stream in order to replenish the blood clotting (Dressler, 2004). While in the case of severe cases of hemorrhage the patient is subjected increased numbers of platelets in his blood stream this is in order to help in the clotting of the blood in the cases of a cut or open wounds.