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Diagnostic Testing for Hypertension

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Hypertension, commonly referred to High Blood pressure, is a disease associated with the increased blood pressure on the arterial walls when the heart is pumping blood to the body parts (Black, 2007).  The testing is done by analysing the reading on the individual’s blood pressure scale. Normally, it is denoted by two numbers; systolic and diastolic. The top number is the systolic number which measures the pressure experienced by the arterial walls when there is a heart beat. The bottom number is the diastolic, which measures the blood pressure experienced by the arterial walls between successive beats; when the heart is resting.

Under normal condition, the reading on the blood pressure measurement scale should denote 120/80mmHg but this is when other factors are held constant. In some instances, this reading may significantly change therefore the medical practitioners should take utmost care in ensuring that the results and there conclusions are free from adverse effects. Unless where the blood pressure shows a higher reading and immediate action need to be taken, the patient diagnosis should take several tests before an imminent decision is arrived at by the medical practitioner (Black, 2007). Normally it can take a couple of days with intense and critical analysis of the patient’s blood pressure. Patients with a consistent blood pressure of readings that are over 120/80mmHg are considered to be having a pre-hypertensive condition and this will lead to chronic hypertension if strict measures and guidelines are not followed to ensure that the blood pressure do not rise tremendously over a short duration of time (Mohler, 2006).      

According to scholars, Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Treatments for Hypertension is the most effective and efficient way of treating hypertension. In addition to diets which have low saturation of fats, regular practice and physical activities need to be incorporated to the daily activities. In the case of diets, the medical practitioners recommend that an individual needs to have a well balanced diet; for instance, the DASH diet. The patient should eat more dairy foods with low percentage of fats, vegetables and fruits. The consumption of fish, poultry, grain products and nuts are considered of imperative importance in blood pressure reduction. In addition, it is recommended that individuals should consume foods which are rich in calcium, potassium and magnesium (Mohler, 2006).    

Physical activity lowers the blood pressure of an individual. The results from multiple studies demonstrated that individuals in all the age groups, whether old or young, have developed tendency of reduced risk of hypertension development. People having moderate or mild hypertension and exercise between 40 to 50 minutes in a period of four to five days weekly (cycling, jogging, walking) may have a high preference in reducing hypertension (Mohler, 2006).     

Scientist and medical practitioners have proved that emotional tension and stress increases blood pressure. Stress management techniques have been implemented in order to curb its effects. These techniques include Qigong, Tai Chi and yoga. Individuals performing these in three or four months usually experience a reduced blood pressure as the stress hormones were mitigated making them less anxious.  In addition, herbal therapy is considered important in blood pressure reduction.  Contrary to this, the specialists do not recommend use of the herbal therapy in administering high blood pressure treatment without their consent as it has sides effect to the overall functioning of the patient’s body. The common herbal therapies include; Stephania tetrandra (tetrandrine), Rauwolfia serpentina (snakeroot), Crataegus species (hawthorn), and Panax notoginseng (ginseng).

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