The writer has used a number of themes in the play to bring out the psychological analysis of the play. Depression, disillusionment, and despair are some of the emotions that the young hamlet has to cope with in his attempt to fight off the feelings he is going through as he tries to understand his father’s death. His anguish deepens even further as his mother is engaged in a marriage that is viewed as illicit since, it is incestuous. As he tries to compose himself from the existing pieces of his broken idealism, he knowingly embarks on his efforts to find the truth hidden in Elsinore; this out rightly differs from the case of Claudius’ fervent intention of finding out the truth behind the murder. The psychological analysis has also revolved around the issue of truth versus deception; it also touches on reality from what is an illusion. The play illustrates on the tribulations that Prince Hamlet goes through on a daily basis as he tries to differentiate one form the other this issue (Shakespeare et al., 71).
In the play, there occurs a twist of the norm; that is, apart from the usual things that Hamlet is used to; deception and illusion, in Act2, Scene 2, there develop an honest conversation that takes place between Rosencrantz and Hamlet and Guildenstern. Through the employment of figurative speech and usage of prose, Shakespeare uses this passage to reflect on the Hamlets opinion to the universe and the humanity. In the entire play, there is a careful development on the theme of mendaciousness and illusion. The whole of the Danish royal court is involved in a number of vices; these include lies, espionage, and cases of betrayal. The court is so much corrupt that no one can give his dependent verdict. Polonius wonders how the wise have put away their wisdom and only act without thinking. This resulted into grave suffering of the people, due to lack of justice for innocent people, who are poor in the society.
In the play as one focuses on Act 2, Scene 2, Lines71-3, there are numerous instances concerning the issue of deception is extremely rampant. The writer clearly brings out these factors by employing the usage formal, poetic language and eloquence. Where deception has been brought out as an ornate subject, then the resulting truth is straightforward and outright. Once the writer is discarding the pretenses of illusion as shown in Act2, Scene2, he resolves to the use of language written in direct prose. For instance, when Hamlet is pleading with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern about their honest intention concerning their arrival, he does so in a direct prose. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern portray an element of foolishness as they go on in revealing their true intention of about their arrival. It is from their response that we come to learn that the King and the Queen had instructed them. Therefore, Hamlet gets the truth that he was searching. It is notable that the writer does not use any poetic devices in this conversation
The writer has also been used the theme of madness and melancholy in analyzing the psychological issue that the characters are experiencing. Hamlet hides his make-believe madness as he contemplates on his strategy towards taking his revenge. The true state of his mind is extremely unstable at several instances in the entire play. As such, it becomes particularly impossible to tell when he is sincerely normal. In the play, the writer use Hamlet to bring out other mental disorders suffered by Hamlet, which includes cynical mindset, the habit harshly self-criticizing, melancholy, continuous thought of suicide, cynical mindset and pessimism, depressed mood (Hamlet).
In Act 4 Scene 5, the mental condition of Ophelia is extremely unstable. She is unable to hold the information concerning the murder of her father. It becomes particularly unbearable once she learns that her lover had caused the death of her father. This prompts her loose the sense of reality. Her ravings imply the degree of the preoccupation that has affected her mind. She suffers the death of a loved one through the death of her father, and still, on the other hand, she longs for the love her lover (Hamlet) returned. In the play, it is clear that Hamlet also contemplates of committing suicide, but, on the other hand, Ophelia is on a constant verge of taking her own life. The issue of despair also talks more on the psychological condition of the play. A sense of despair is evident where we see the characters questioning death. Hamlet faces this problem after he loses his father. It is here that he realizes life is not permanent, which makes his question himself concerning his own death. As is the case in most teens, Hamlet contemplates on committing suicide. He becomes extremely desperate as he tries to weigh options as to whether his actions would be justifiable. His thought of committing suicide does not materialize once he starts contemplating of life after death.
In conclusion, numerous themes have been employed by the writer to effective bring the issue of psychological atmosphere among the characters in the play. These themes include; despair, disillusionment, depression, madness, and melancholy. The writer has employed numerous poetic devices that also bring about these themes effectively. Hamlet’s anguish deepens even further as his mother is engaged in an illicit marriage after the death of his father, which indicates on that Hamlet’s psychological condition, is extremely unstable.