History of Literacy and Comparison to the Impacts of Today’s Technologies
Literacy level has been growing along with the growth of technology. Illiteracy was and still is a common factor in the developing nations, but it is not so serious in the developed nations. Literacy has various advantages, and planners believe in eradicating illiteracy as the only way out to achieve economic growth (Ragains, 2006). For planning reasons, planners have made it possible for the governments to understand the need of having statistics of the rate of literacy in their nation. With this development, a history of literacy was made. With the growth of technology, which has also promoted the economic growth, literacy has been increasing considerably. There are different angles which one can take while analyzing the literacy level. One can use gender, age or any other social setting. This creates a clear picture of how this social group have been fairing with literacy, as compared to the others.
Literacy level in the developed nations was considered high, as compared to the developing nations before the introduction of technology. United States, for example, in 1970 had a literacy level of 70%. Mid 80s, the level of literacy was increasing. This was contributed to the peoples’ way of living among other factors that made it possible for the society to deal with illiteracy among them. Among the reasons why this region had high rate of literacy was because there was an infrastructure laid by the government to support the literacy growth (Ragains, 2006). Also the citizens themselves recognized the importance of having a literate society. This nation, for example, was already industrialized, and workers needed to work in the companies, as well as to drive government agendas. In the year 2010, the literacy level in this same nation was 99%. This growth was brought forth by the introduction of technology. Currently, almost all citizens irrespective of age can perform basic duties with fewer challenges. Peoples’ living styles have been totally changed by the technology, and all business and social activities are done by the help of technology. By making technology the part of their lives, this economic region has been forced to be literate for them to survive (Ragains, 2006).
In the developing nations, things are different. Instability and continued humanitarian challenges have made it not possible for literacy level to go up. In 1970s, literacy level in Sierra Leon, for example (in Africa), had 11% literacy level. In 1980s, literacy level remained decreasing, holding the fact that this country was involved in civil war. Children did not have time for classes, and instead, they spend all their time at war. With the influence of technology, the literacy level improved to 35%. Although this is considerably not reasonable, technology is helping them to grow, and at the same time improve their literacy level (Gibson, 2006).
In the modern society, technology has played a major role where all social or economic activities are done with the help of technology. Technology, therefore, has turned to be the part of our lives. For one to cope with the technology, or to take advantage of the technology, one must be literate. To use a phone, TV and other electronics, literacy must be there (Eisenberg, 2004). This development has pushed those who considered literacy as tertiary or the secondary need. Technology has become a basic need, and one has to be advanced for one to extend his or her interest. In the developing nations, introduction of technology has made the society informed, and hence, becoming realistic on how necessary literacy is. With the technology, there are so many channels of information ranging from radio channels, TV channels, news-papers and internet among others. This source of information has turned to be very relevant to the normal human life, hence creating the demand for those who don’t now how to use them to go to school or learn how to use them. In return, the level of literacy has gone up. In years to come, in developed nations, literacy level will be at 100% while achieving a relevantly high rate in developing nations (Bruce, 2000).
Technology is the mother of globalization, where the world is expected to live and do business as a single village. Due to this development, literacy rate history stands to change for the better. Holding the fact that all are expected to inter-relate, all are expected to have a standard literacy rate, where business and socialization will be possible. With this, world literacy rate will increase considerably (Braun, 2007). To conclude, the world literacy history is long, but it has been improving with the increase of business activity, and recently, technology has made it realistic for a world with high rate of literacy rate. Technology has united all living human beings, irrespective of the geographical locations, hence creating a need for sharing. This has created the need to learn from others, whereby some have adopted others’ living standards, hence eradicating illiteracy in the society. Literacy is no more a secondary need, but a basic requirement to all.