Ernest Hemingway's "The Sun Also Rises"
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Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises (1926) portrays sadness, lost love and devastation. The book based on Hemingway’s friends. This did not go well with many of his peers. The book had a theme of detachment and alienation that represented the attitudes experienced at the time of its writing. It was written in a period at which the war had ended. Hemingway discusses the lost generation and the post war generation. The post war generation, experienced after the world war one, portrayed escapism, lack of religion, inability to act and discrimination. All these happened because the people were affected in many different ways.
Hemingway was a reporter who after his job intending joined the United States army. He joined the army against his family wishes, so that he would experience first hand action of the World War one. He, however, did not succeed in joining the army due to his health issues and instead joined the American Field Service Ambulance Corps, which sent him to Italy. In Italy, he joined the allied forces. The allied forces put him in the battlefront in Italy. He witnessed first hand effects of war on his first day of duty, when he witnessed an explosion on an ammunition factory near Milan. There were many brutalities in this explosion. Hemingway had to collect many human remains of women who had worked in the company (French connections 23). This was his first experience of human death, and it was barely a day after he joined the allied forces. The ordeal left him stunned and shaken. Later in July 1918, Hemingway’s carrier as an ambulance driver ended after he obtained injuries delivering the supplies to soldiers. This experience convalesced Hemingway to an American run Red Cross hospital in Milan. There, he met a nurse who later inspired the work of his first novel. The nurse named Sister Agnes Von Kurowsky.
In the 1920’s term, the Lost Generation started gaining popularity. The term coined by a lady from France known as Gertrude Stein who heard, by her mechanic, reefing to her workers as having poor mechanic skills. She later took this phrase and used it to describe people who rejected the post war values in the 1920’s. Ernest Hemingway is amongst two other writers, known to be of the lost generation. The two other writers in this group were F. Scott Fitzgerald and John Dos Passos. Ernest Hemingway, who was at the time a leading literary figure, used Stein’s phrase as an epigraph for The Sun Also Rises, his first novel. The fame and popularity of the novel rose the term, the lost generation, to represent with writers of the post war 1920’s (Blanton 98).
The term” The Lost Generation” signifies a sense of aimlessness or moral loss unique to writers during the 1920’s. The First World War destroyed the idea of righteous things happening after virtuous action. Literary figures of this time affected by the fact that many men died in the war. These deaths occurred, despite the outstanding health and behavior of the men at the time of war. Many more men were mentally tormented and physically wounded. The faith men had to the moral guidepost that gave them hope was invalid and they lost it. The literary figures of that time also criticized fictional stories created in the American culture. The fictional stories criticized had themes of care free living, self exile and spiritual alienation. Fitzgerald, a lost generation novelist, portrayed the youth of the 1920’s covering up their depression in the forced exuberance of jazz music. The young generation of the 1920’s dabbed this the jazz age. This was portrayed in the book “This Side Paradise.” In another book “The Great Gatsby”, Fitzgerald hides the sad loneliness of the main character by the illusion of happiness and joy. Ernest Hemingway's novels pioneered a unique writing style envied and copied by many generations to follow him. He utilized action based on clear prose in place of the florid prose of the Victorian era. This florid prose was mainly used in the 19th century. He also used the emission to strengthen the plot of his novels. Omission was characterized by a technique of leaving out the essential material of the novel. The novels of the 1920’s lost generation based insights on lifestyles lead in the decade. Many future generations were influenced by these types of writing due to their innovation in their literary work and writing styles (Hemingway, 12).
Hemingway family moved to Paris, France. This was in the year 1921. The got a miserable apartment which had a closet for a bathroom and no running water. Hemmingway’s wife had grown up in the relative splendor. Hemingway tried to reduce the level of primitiveness of his living quarters presented to his wife in order to make her feel more comfortable. His wife, despite the fact that she was from a well-off family, endured the quarters as she carried away by her husband’s bohemian lifestyle enthusiasm. They had an annual income, Hadley’s trust and Hemingway’s job, that was large enough to rent a decent flat in Europe. Hemingway decided that he would rather stay and write in peace in that environment than a modern one.
During Hemingway’s first few years in Paris, he met and forged quick friendships with artists and writers. This made possible by from Sherwood Anderson that introduced him to the French society. Amongst his many friends were famous writers, Gertrude Stein, Ezra Pound, James Joyce, Sylvia Beach, Wyndahm Lewis, Lincoln Steffens and Max Eastman. He also met with renowned painters Picasso and Miro. This friendship was key to his carrier, as his friends developed his writing and artistic skills over the time.
His first two years in Paris as a journalist saw him cover Paris extensively. He covered gravest stories like the Geneva Conference 1922, the Ruhr post war convention, the Conference of Luasanne and The Greco-Turkish War all in 1923. Hemingway was also a lifestyle writer. He wrote pieces on social life in Europe that included bobsledding, skiing, bullfighting and fishing.
Hemingway moved from Paris to the United States of America after realizing his wife was pregnant. The need to move was because there were better medical facilities for his wife’s delivery in the United States. Hemingway ignored the fact that his carrier as a fledging fiction writer and reporter was on the rise. He also ignored the fact that the social lives were on the right stride in Europe. The only thing in his mind was his wife and the unborn child’s safety. He moved to Toronto in 1923 where he wrote articles for Toronto Daily as he waited for the birth of his child. His son’s birth date is October 10th, 1923. John Hadley Nicanor Hemingway, his son, joined the rest of the family on a ship back to Paris four months after birth.
Back in Paris, Hemingway got a job editing the fledging literary magazine of Maddox Ford, the Transatlantic Review. He got this job with recommendations from Ezra Pound, showing his acquaintances finally were worthwhile. Ezra Pound recommended Hemingway as an experienced journalist who obtained the finest prose writing in the world. He also said that Hemingway had exceptionally significant verse (Kirui 56).
Ford praised the young writer and published some of his earlier works. The magazine lasted only one and a half years. Ford did not give up on Hemingway as he allowed him to work on his artistic theories for publication in respectable journals.
Hemingway produced his greatest works in the 20th century fiction in the years between 1925 and 1929. He wrote a landmark short story in 1925 called In Time, which had the immense two-hearted river. In 1926, he came up with his first true novel, The Sun Also Rises. He followed this with other novel Men Without Women in 1927. In 1929, he published the finest novel out of the world war one. This novel was called A Farewell To Arms.
His novel, The Sun Also Rises, introduced the world to the lost generation. This novel became a critical financial success in Hemingway’s life. The book was set in Paris and Spain; it was a story of love in the backdrop of bullfighting and bars.
Hemingway’s life started crumbling, despite his rise in writing fame. He left his first wife remarried and moved to a life of relaxation in Florida for twelve years. His father committed suicide, due to his diabetic condition (Bloom 87).
Ernest Hemingway’s writings had vast influence on American literature. His influence was considerable at that time and continues to influence American literalists today. His influence was vast and widespread that it may be deemed most contemporary fiction. It is based on Hemingway’s inspiration in his writing or the life he led. Writers consciously emulated Hemingway’s work in his time. These were modernists in the literary circle. Writers like James Joyce crime fiction owe a strong debt for using Hemingway as a model and his style. Ernest Hemingway’s terse prose style is said to have inspired many American short story writers in the beat generation. These include Jack Kerouac, J.D. Salinger and many others. He also influenced writers in the Generation X that included Douglas Coupland, Chuck Palahniuk and Bret Easton Ellis and many others. Many of these writers wanted to be in the same vein as Ernest Hemingway (Farley 67).
In conclusion, many revered figures in the classic American literature hail Hemingway as a Nobel winner. He gained his notoriety in his works of the years between 1920 and 1950. His work was so captivating, inspiring and influential that led him to win the Nobel Prize in 1954. This was the Nobel Prize in Literature. Hemingway continues to be known for compelling and authentic character creation. People knew him for his understating writing styles. Hemingway gained the immense compassion in his role as a Red Cross officer in the World War I. He also gained the significant exposure in his role as a Red Cross officer as it took him to Italy and Paris among other places in the frontline of the battlefield. The numbers of people who have engaged in war and lived to tell the story the way Hemingway portrayed it were few to none. His experiences along with his return to Paris shaped him to be an immaculate writer. His return shaped him as they introduced him to many other greats who assisted him in his journey of art and writing. He searched for inspiration in humble settings. This was seen when he moved to a worn out flat in Paris for writing peace and inspiration. This made the writing acceptable to all. Ernest Hemingway’s life of intrigue and adventure fascinated many and inspired many more in the past and present generations. He passed away in 1961 after surviving numerous accidents and plane crashes. His survival gave hope to many. The world will remember Hemingway as one of the greatest writers of all times.
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