Hera – Zygia - protector of family and marriage (Burkert 184). “Consort and queen”(Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns and Homerica, 125).
Athena - Hippia - tamer of horses (Paus. V. 15. § 4). “Goddess of wisdom, skill and war” (Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns and Homerica, 125).
Artemis – Orsilochia (Lochia) – protector of women given a birth (Orph. Hymn. 35. 3). “Goddess of the hunt and the moon and protector of expectant women and the young” (Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns and Homerica, 125).
Hephaestus – Amphigyeeis – lame on both feet (Homer, Iliad. I. 599). “God of metallurgy and the smith of the Olympian gods” (Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns and Homerica, 128).
Aphrodite – Philommeides – a laughter-loving woman. “Goddess of love, beauty and eternal youth” (Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns and Homerica, 125).
Ares – Obrimus – the mighty worrior. “God of war and figure of violence” (Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns and Homerica, 124).
Iris – Aellopus – a storm-footed girl. “Goddess of the rainbow, messenger to the gods” (Ancient Greek beliefs, 96).
Poseidon – Hippios – riding a horse (Paus. I. 30. § 4). “God of the seas, horses and the earthquakes” (Encyclopaedia of the ancient Greek world, (Ancient Greek Beliefs, 275).
Zeus – Ombrios – giver of rain (Paus. I. 32. § 3). “Father of the Olympian gods and ruler of mankind” (Culture and values: A survey of Humanities, (Ancient Greek Beliefs, 33)
Define and give an example for the following words.
Archetype refers to the original model which acts as a base to develop all other things of the same kind. For example, a hero, like Prometeus.
Humanism is a practice that mainly deals with human values and emphasizes mainly on human being and not divine matters. Secular humanism is a good example, it is against religious knowledge as a basis of uprightness and decision making.
Anthropomorphic is an ascribing of the human form, features, or attributes to something or someone, especially a deity, or an animal. All god and goddeses of te Ancient Greek possed human features.
Etiology is a general study of causes or origins of certains things or notions, which are usualy explained through mythologic terms; for example, the name Delphi and the deity associated with it.
Chthonian is a classical myth or legend of something related to the underworld; for example, legend on Hades & the rape of Persephone.