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Federal Civil Right Legislation

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There are various federal civil rights legislations and judicial rulings that have had tremendous effects on cultural diversity.

Statute A: Equal Protection Clause


This clause was an amendment of the constitution of United States. It states that no state shall deny any individual equal protection by the laws. It requires that all citizens be treated equally regardless of their color, race or origin.  The clause was enacted to prevent American States from establishing separate public schools for the whites and blacks. The high court banned segregation in public schools (Waldo, 1998).

Implications on Cultural Diversity

This clause has helped erase discrimination that prevailed between white American and black Americans. After it enactment, there was free mingling, interaction and association between whites and blacks. One of its major impact was intermarriage that eled to exchange of cultures, beliefs and practices amongst the white and black Americans.

Statute B: Religious Accommodation


This law requires that all employers should be able to accommodate and cope with religious beliefs of their employees, unless doing so would lead to unnecessary hardships at the workplace (Merriman, 2007).

Implications on Cultural Diversity

This Law recognizes and allows for diversity in religious beliefs and practices. Furthermore, it strengthens an individual’s root in religion. This appreciation of religious diversity encourages people to live harmoniously within the society through respect of other people’s religions.

Statute C: Sex Discrimination Act


This Law protects persons against sexual discrimination. Sexual discrimination ranges from sexual harassments, such as open and direct search for sexual favors at the workplace, creation of a hostile environment to persons of a certain gender and discriminations based on childbirth or pregnancy status (Dyer, 1976).

Implications on Cultural Diversity

People should not be discriminated based on their sexuality. The state and the society as well should recognize various sexualities exhibited by different people. This would enable free interaction of people of different sexes and gender, thereby promoting cultural diversity amongst them.

Federal Judicial Ruling

Ruling Citation A: “there is no superior, dominant, ruling class of citizens”.


This ruling was made on Justice Harlan in the Brown v. Board of Education case. He further argue the American Constitution is color blind as thus there was no need to segregate schools for white Americans from those of black Americans.

Implications on Cultural Diversity

The ruling implied that there was no basis for discriminating American citizens on grounds of their skin colors. All citizens had to be view and treated equally before the laws. All citizens, whether black or white, had equal rights and should have equal access to public amenities such as schools and health facilities. In my opinion, this ruling facilitated the exchange of cultures amongst the American citizens. The freedom of association made possible transfer of societal values amongst the people.

Ruling Citation B: “If any white person intermarry with a colored person, or any colored person intermarry with a white person, he shall be guilty of a felony and shall be punished by confinement in the penitentiary for not less than one nor more than five years." (Vile, 2010).


This ruling was made in a case filed by Loving against Virginia State. The Virginia State barred people from marrying non-whites. She wanted all marriages to be racially classified.

Implications on Cultural Diversity

In my view, the right and freedom of a person to marry or not to marry another person of his or her choice solely depends on that person’s decisions and should not be infringed, flouted or violated by the state. The state should not deprive or deny any person the right to choose, right to life and the liberty to marry whoever he/she wishes. Intermarriages should be encouraged as far as possible. Such interracial marriages enable transfer of cultures, beliefs and practices between different societies, thereby promoting peace and harmony. The federal government, and Virginia State, must realize that every person was created by one God, though they were given different skins colors and placed in separate continents or places. We are all equal as human beings.

Ruling Citation C: “a master is subject to liability for the torts of his servants committed while acting in the scope of their employment.” (Vile, 2010).


In this ruling, an employer who created a sexually hostile environment and exposed her female lifeguards to unintended and offensive touching was held liable for damages.

Implications on Cultural Diversity

In my opinion, nobody should be subjected to sexual discrimination at the workplace. Appreciation of sexual diversity is vital at the workplace and should be highly encouraged. Employers’ conducts that are sexually discriminative should be avoided at all costs. Similarly, supervisory sexual harassments usually demoralize and demotivate workers and consequently reduce productivity.

In conclusion, discrimination should not be based on race, color, religion, sex and place of origin. All individuals must be protected against such discriminations. Employers should take responsibility and be charged for damages caused to employees whenever they violate these federal laws and civil rights.

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