Colombia has faced internal conflict for more than forty years. The conflict involves the issue of distribution of natural resources in the country. Areas that attract the fiercest conflict are those with strategic and economic significance. The armed clashes, coupled with implementation of major agricultural projects have resulted to the forceful dispossession of the native people from their lands. The end result has been prime violation of human rights, poverty and obliteration of traditional values among other damages. This article will address the fate of women and the minority groups during the recent conflict in the country.
In the book, “The Dispossessed”, Molano presents testimonies of individual victims of displacement. He lets them give their own stories concerning the way they were displaced along side other thousands of Colombians during the conflict. Most of the displaced people are women who serve as the heads of their homes. He provides a striking glance at the social implications of the Colombian women who are deprived of their basic necessities in life (Molano, 2005, p 135). They were violently forced out of their native homes by military groups. In addition to showing the problems in Colombia, this is a symbolic representation of the state of affairs affecting most of the residents in Latin America.
Although the setting of every story is in a different part of the country, they all display some commonality. The common theme is that of desolation and disillusionment. For instance, Angela who is one of the narrators in the book expresses her fear towards the end of her extract, “My father wants to go back…he says everything is going to be difficult here. But I do not wan to go back.” (Molano, 2005, p 77).
There is always needless violence which shakes and changes the protagonists in the stories. The violences makes some people to hide in the wilderness where there are no possibilities of stability. Tonito, who is another narrator in the book says “I ran until I couldn’t hear the screams anymore” (Molano, 2005, p 105). No matter the cause of the forceful violence, the victims are always the same: women and minority ethnic groups. Ninfa shows how she was not ready to forgive the military for having killed her husband (Molano, 2005, p 135).
Born in Blood and Fire
Born in Blood and Fire is a book by John Chasteen, which deals with social class structures and intricate racial diversity. It further explains the political, social and economic developments that resulted to shaping Latin America. Every chapter is broken down into specific theme and the author illustrates how the theme controls and affects the lives of countries in the region and the world at large. One of the major issues that are of great interest is the way governments in Latin America have been in conflict with that of the United States (Chasteen, 2001). He also shows how the people in the high social ladder contributed to the conflict in Mexico and Cuba.
Revolutions in both countries were instigated by prominent and wealthy people in these regions. This was observed during times of crisis and therefore the prominent people took sides with the group that seemed to emerge the winner (Chasteen, 2001). Although the revolutions brought some benefits to the poor, they were hardly taken away from biting poverty. Mexican economy was strong and its political basis was evidently stable. On the other hand, Cuba had been led by one president, Fidel Castro for over five decades after he overthrew dictatorial regime in 1959.
Castro was held to socialist movements and he even supported the socialist revolutions happening in the world. Due to his ideologies, the country had lost most of her trading partners and was headed for an economic crisis. During the revolutions in both countries, wealthy residents wanted to have a change of the regimes that were ruling by then (Chasteen, 2001). The United States was allied to the group that pushed for the revolutions. Yes I do agree that revolutions in both countries were instigated by prominent and wealthy people. The book is indeed a comprehensive illustration of stories of despair and hope. It spans across six countries in Latin America depicting the hardships that the residents in respective countries pass through as they progress to attain their socio-economic and political freedom (Chasteen, 2011). It demonstrates the processes of colonization and the quest for economic development as well as political and social impartiality.