Conflicts are the major cause of human suffering and are known to be as old as mankind. They occur as a result of scarce resources, different ideologies and as away if showing ones might. Due to diminishing returns and resources, human beings have been in constant competition of these scarce resources. The human nature is depicted in a way they always aspire to accumulate as much resources as they can and in the process of accruing vast of resources, they are prone to create conflicts with each other. During the yester years when WW1 and WWII, there was great damage to resources and human population as well. This paper thus will look at the similarities and the differences of the WWI and WWII, major causes and the impact it had to human populace.
Differences between WWI and WWII
One of the major differences between the WWI and WWII is looking at the period when it happened. WWI, which was formerly referred to as the Great War lasted from 1914 to 918 and was majorly concentrated in Europe. The assassination on 28 June 1914 of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria is believed to have triggered the conflict greatly. On the other hand, WWII lasted from 1939 to 1945. This war begun on 1 September 1939, when Germany invaded Slovakia and Poland, leading to declaration of war on Germany by France and most of the countries of the British Empire and Commonwealth.
Looking at the two wars, different weapons were employed and the sophistication of these weapons differed greatly. In the WWI, no much of sophisticated weapons were used but when we look at the weapons used in the WWII, weapons of mass destruction were put into use. The bombing of Nagasaki in the WWII confirms how such weapons were used in the second world war as opposed to guns, which were the main weapons employed in WWI ( Perry,2008)
The regions covered by the two wars also differed in areas or regions that were involved. The World War II affected most parts of the world including Africa which was not involved during the WWI. Many countries formed up and collaborated to fight the other grouping. These affiliations made WWII to be more complex as opposed to WWI.
In terms of fatalities, WWII is considered to be the deadliest with estimates of over 40 million to 70 million fatalities. Since it involved most of the world’s regions, it led to many fatalities as well as injuries. All weapons that were in existence during that period were put into use and countries, more so the superpowers wanted to show their might.
Similarities of WWI and WWII
Both wars resulted in massive loss and fatalities of human population. Due to the use of weapons in the fight, a number of people died as well as many being left with permanent injuries where they had to live with their condition for the rest of their life.
War has never brought many benefits more so in terms of resources. During the both wars, countries directed most of their resources to buying and making weapons. This led to foregoing other expansion of the country’s infrastructure and other developments, thereby making countries poorer after the war. It is only USA that benefited financially from the war but countries like japan was negatively affected by the war.
Both wars involved the whole world whereby both armies and citizens were involved in the fight. The human and economic resources of the countries were mostly geared towards the war.
Both wars led to mushrooming of bodies that advocated for better ways of dealing with conflict. Considering the number of fatalities during the two wars, some people felt there should be better ways of handling conflicts rather than rushing in war without looking at the repercussions.
In a nutshell, WWI and WWII led to many fatalities and delayed economic development in many countries. The Nagasaki bombing led to adverse effects that are felt up to date and this confirms that other methods of conflicts resolution should be employed rather than rushing into a war without looking at the end results.