Team-Centered Leadership in a Health Care
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In the health care system just like any other system, the way a leader behaves greatly influences on the way that the employees will behave. A team-centered leadership is one that has all the expertise scattered across different people. Therefore, the individuals in the team have varying contribution which are equally important in the decision making process. The split of ideas is something that creates a competitive nature amongst individuals and this literary leads to the overall unity amongst the employees who are the decision makers. The information and expertise are farther scattered in such a way that it is not one individual that has all the information but all of the members have a part of the information which they pull together to come out with the overall sound decision. In addition to that, there is the need of participation which ensures that there is necessary commitment that is quite effective one ensuring that the employees and the decision makers come out with sound ideas that are helpful in the creation of one module and being unity. This type of leadership is rarely seen but it is quite effective in the healthcare system as it helps the entire employees involved in the decision making to come out with a neutral idea that supports the ideas that they have as a group. When there is not any unity and it is only one player in the team, who makes the decision, it hurts the whole team and that is why this type of leadership encourages unity and is one that makes every contributor feel as if his or her contribution mattered. This type of decision making team is quite efficient when there is the need to have decisions on unpopular subjects. This is because this type of decision making process encourages all the views that there is on that matter and this means that all the employees and the decision makers would say what they have to say on that matter to come out with a sound approach in the end. In addition to that, this type of leadership empowers all the members and so this creates sense of responsibility as the final decision will have to be followed through by all the decision makers (Maddux, 2003). This in the end leads to a dedicated workforce that is creative and in the end benefits the healthcare organization with ideas and unity to ensure that the decision making process that is taken is quite effective. This not only leads to the growth of the organization but also to the admiration by other health practitioners who would wish to join the system. In addition to this, this type of leadership also offers the leaders some aspects of success through various ways and means. The leaders are able to understand the general moods of the employees through non verbal cues. This is effective in studying the emotions and feeling that they have which would help to know the popular and unpopular decisions in the organization. Thus, the leader helps to create unity and this type of leadership is known for the sound unilateral decision making process. For that reason, it is much favored in the decision making process. The leader in this type of leadership has various responsibilities including serving as a consultant. Therefore, the leader has diverse knowledge and ideas and this means that he or she has to be the referral point when coming to a conclusion being something that is easy and having taken a long time. The leader is also the facilitator and it means that he or she has the right to deny meeting or continue with it. Therefore, contrary to beliefs, this type of leadership style does not mean that the leader is absolutely powerless. Like any other team, this type of leadership team is governed by the leader who is its chief advisor and also the teacher. The leader in this situation is also responsible for modeling the appropriate leadership behaviors which are beneficial in enabling the team to know the people who can head it and those who cannot. It is in the view of every individual that he or she comes up with an idea that is supported in order to gain respect amongst his peers. This type of leadership team is quite essential in grooming the members to come out with excellent ideas as for the aforementioned reason. Therefore, the members learn on ways and means of performing well early in the decision making process. A team centered leadership is the type of team leadership that is widely practiced in the current world. This is because it carries with it all the virtues that are deemed as important and very indulging to the employees. It is usually unlike the team spirit that there are failures and that is where the team centered leadership is strong. It is usually easy to come out with ideas as a team since this helps overly to come out with a decision that has passed through a rigorous testing and debating and therefore, it is highly unlikely that the final decision would be wrong. Unlike other team models, a team centered model is always accurate since it creates a perception that there is unity in terms of decisions and also participation. It is wise to involve the whole team in decision making if the head would wish to come out with the best results. On the other hand, there is the leader-centered leadership that is discussed below. This type of leadership is usually not the right one to follow since it is in some sense tyrannical. It is not in the wishes of any employee to run a tyrannical business since it would mean that there would be no unity amongst the team members. Fear would also be created which in overall would lead to the loss of participation by the members. This and other factors about the leader-centered leadership are discussed below in comparison to the team-centered leadership.
How team-centered leadership differs from the leader-centered approach to decision-making
The way that a leader encourages the ideas of the team is a great determinant as to whether the members will come out with a unilateral ideology. Therefore, the leader-centered approach and the team-centered approach greatly differ with regard to the way that the overall ideas are arrived. In this type of leadership, the leader usually adopts the authoritarian approach and he or she is viewed as the final decision maker. However, the team-centered leader is the direct opposite as he or she does not have a direct linkage to the way the leader of the prior approach operates. On the contrary, the leader in a team-centered approach is viewed as a member and this means that the final decision making process is usually affected in one way or the other. The decision making approach in this type of leadership is quite fast as opposed to the team-centered type of leadership. Nevertheless, the decisions that are arrived upon in this type of leadership are not usually effective as they are not well thought over. Therefore, it means that the ideas of a team are not put together which means that there is no clear unity as opposed to the aforementioned decision making process. Due to the central decision making process, the team members usually become reluctant and this so leads to the overall failure by the decision making organ to be effective and sound. The team members are controlled and this means that they cannot be given a chance to come out with free but well thought ideas and what this means is that they are not the best members to consultant whenever there is a matter of concern. This is in the contrary to the team-centered approach to decision making as all the members in the group are encouraged and independent to come out with their own ideas; therefore, this means that there would be variety and, hence, the final decision is usually the best in term of ideas. Many contemporary healthcare organizations prefer this type of decision making process whenever they want to come out with a good decision (Block, 2011). In addition to the aforementioned contrast in the approach to decision making, this type of decision making team is different to the team-leadership since the leader of the team always focuses on tasks and does not consider the feelings of different members of the team and, therefore, it means that the decision that is arrived upon is not usually the best and has a lot of loopholes. The final decision being met does not have the approval of all the members and this is contrary to the team-leadership decision making approach and, therefore, the difference in this situation clearly spells itself out. The other difference between them is that in the leader-centered approach to decision making, the leaders seeks the opinions of the team members and also encourages them but when it ones to the ultimate decision, he or she if the one who makes it all by him or herself. This is on the contrary to the approach that is put forth by the people who want to make decisions using the team centered leadership since all of the good ideas are always incorporated and it is through this compromising mode that the final decision is usually very excellent. The leader-centered type of leadership does not have freedom as the leader usually stays in control of all the meetings that are called forth and it is traditionally known that when people feel that they are not equal, they tend to hold their ideas to themselves. This is one of the negative attributes of the leader-centered approach to decision making. On the other hand, when it comes to team centered leadership, the leader is not always in charge of the meetings and these leads to openness by the employees or the decision makers which in return leads to very productive ideas that are very important in ensuring that the whole team feels welcome in one way or the other.
Challenges that health care leaders are faced with in terms of decision making within the team environment
When it comes to decision making within an environmental team, there are bound to be a lot of challenges that may come up. This is because within a team, different people hold different views and yet they have to come out with one concrete view. Therefore, this means that when it comes to decision making, there is need to be consultation. One of the major challenges that the healthcare leaders face is divergent views. This means that each and every individual comes out with his or her own opinion concerning an issue and they may vary slightly or be quite different. This is usually the case when the matter is contentious. In the modern world, the views of each and every individual are welcome and this means that in this situation, the leader has to find out a way in which he or she can consolidate all of the opinions that each and every member has to offer in order to create clearer understanding and in this process, to make sure that every member is happy with the conclusion being made. It is very tasking when this process is practical as opposed to theoretical. The other challenge that the leaders face is that they have to be part and parcel of the team when the decision making process is going on and their views consequently are treated like that of an ordinary member. This is challenging because the leaders may feel the need to be the supreme decision makers since by the virtue that they are superior to all the members in the team which is not the case. Therefore, in the decision making process, this is a challenge to the leader since he has to present views that are not divergent but consolidate all the views that have been aired. Another problem that is bound to arise is the fact that the leader has to gather all the people to come out and participate in the decision making process. This is something that does not easily happen and it means that the leader may or may not be successful in gathering the individuals. This means that each and every individual has different duties that he or she partakes and, therefore, it would not be easy to easily come up with a single time that all of them are free (NAGELKERK, 2006). In the modern world, the professions of healthcare practitioners vary and so this means that the leader has to consolidate the times of all the members which are easier said than done. The other challenge is obtaining commitment. It is not easy to make all the members be committed to the decision making process and this means that the team leader may face a lot of challenges in ensuring that there is thorough commitment so that each member contributes a worthy point in the discussion. The other challenge is the concentration of power. The team leader has to ensure that his or her powers are not concentrated in order to be rational and just in the decision making process. As aforementioned, if the leader is not flexible with his powers, then the members tend to withhold their ideas and this ruined the whole decision making process. The other challenge is that there would always be unpopular decisions amongst the team members and the leader has to accept them as input as towards the decision making process which is something that is not easy to do as it may lead to a fallout within the members of the team. The other key problem in the process is that the leader has to relinquish the powers that he or she has and let the team be in control which is something that is not easy as all the team members have to feel that they are in control whilst the leader would always want to show that he or she is in control of the debate. The final challenge that the leaser faces is that he or she has to ensure that there is a climate of approval amongst the members since if not standard decision is reached then the whole decision making process by the team would be deemed to have failed.
How leaders attempt to address these challenges in health care
There are various ways and means that a leader takes into account in order to ensure that he or she has addressed the aforementioned challenges. The first option of him or her is to come out with a strategy in which all the members know that they have to meet at certain time at certain venues and therefore, they have to create some time to come together. This can be done through a memo that is distributed through all the members in the decision making panel and it is something that can easily help to come out with a quick and effective solution to the related problem. The other solution that the team leader may come out with is to ensure that the matters being discussed are completely integrated into the decision making process and this would help to ensure that each and every member feel that he or she is a part of the team and is always willing to bring the idea that they have on board (Barr & Dowding, 2008). It is also challenging for the leader to be part of a team and yet he is the supreme member. Therefore, the leaders in the healthcare system adopt the servant leader position and this greatly helps them to be part of a team and yet they are heading it. The team leader also welcomes the divergent views that all the members have due to the fact that all the views that are presented usually matter and that is something that the healthcare professionals usually use to make sure that whatever the decision that they come out with, is always welcome by the members. The aforementioned challenges are not easy to address but the leader is always the person who comes out with the right decision and in addition to a concrete one in the process and this gives the whole team satisfaction and also the will to continue working with the team. In order to run a successful business, it means that there is the need of adversity. Thus, this means that the managers of the new business try as much as they can come out with neutral grounds to cover up these challenges in order to ensure that they achieve the goals that they have set out to achieve. It is not in the entire sense very likely that covering up these problems belittles someone or the leaders in any sense but it somehow shows the levels that they have reached in terms of adversity. It the real sense, it is impossible to come out with the right measurers if the aforementioned matters are not adequately addressed. The new management world requires that the employees and the employer unite when they are forming ideas and this includes when they are dealing with team matters. The team is that makes the overall success of the business since when running a business, what matters is the ideas that are put forth. The healthcare industry is a sensitive one since it deals with matters of the human survival and, therefore, this means that there is need of the key players to take adequate care when they want to ensure that they do not mess up the whole nation. This is why the leaders usually come out with ways and means that they are certainly would help to counter the problem of decision making in a team. Therefore, the ideologies that are spread in the aforementioned research are such ones that help the whole society come out with better skilled leaders who are able to challenge diversity. As aforementioned, the leader of the team is the senior most members and, thus and so, he or she is the one who is in charge with the running. However, some factors that makes the job of being a leader in a healthcare environment is the commitment that is presented forth by the members of the various sub committees.
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