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Health Promotion

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Health promotion is a process that allows people to heighten measures for controlling and improving their health. The process centers not only on personal behavior, but also encompasses other social and environmental factors. This article will focus on three peer reviewed journals that addresses health promotion procedures in control of diabetes. The journals have defined health promotion in the perspective of lifestyle change to curb health threats posed by diabetes. The major aspect of lifestyle risks is obesity. It is a condition that is encouraged by high intake of diets rich in energy accompanied by minimal physical activity. Therefore, health promotion process will dwell on implementation of the various types of diets and exercise plans to prevent diabetes.

Type II diabetes mellitus is currently a public health problem in the world. Although there are other contributory factors towards origin of the disease, individual lifestyle becomes a core factor for consideration. People have adopted lifestyles that are very detrimental to their health. The authors of these three journals have demonstrated the relationship that exists between diet and physical exercises to type II diabetes.

Health promotion interventions are very important in addressing the various issues that affect people’s health. A combination of various health promotion strategies includes the improvement of individual life skills and intensification of communal actions. Consequently, these steps lead to formation of a favorable and helpful environment for health. A lot of resources are used in treatment of diabetic conditions (The British Dietetic Association Ltd, 2010). The overall cost of treating and managing the disease is immensely high. It incorporates the cost of medication, support from workplace as well as social and healthcare facilities. Therefore, if people are empowered on ways to avoid getting diabetes, the cost that could have otherwise been used to treat the disease, would be directed towards other valuable developments.

The roles of nurses have greatly changed overtime. Traditionally, nurses provided the best avenues for implementation of health promotion programs. This is because they had and still have frequent contact with the patients and the general public. Currently, focus on healthcare has been diversified to include every member of the community not just diabetic patients alone (Polikandrioti & Dokoutsidou, 2009). Therefore, nurses have the responsibility of helping the society manage diseases that form part of their daily lives. People have not only become very concerned about their health but also, they are more knowledgeable on issues affecting their health than the way the situation was some decades ago.

Modern health promotion campaigns aims at assisting people control their diseases and adopt lifestyles that will help to correct and minimize the effect of the problem. Some health institutions and other related authorities are considering involving the nurses in the role of supervising implementation of the health awareness among members of the society. This would increase the active role of nurses in health promotion programs. It would lead to realization of better results and hence the entire community would benefit (The British Dietetic Association Ltd, 2010).

Implementation methods are those processes that pulls together the collaborative efforts of everyone involved in the health promotion program. One of the methods involves use of the training institutions for nurses. This helps to prepare the nurses while still on training by equipping them with the right skills for effective implementation of the program. Additionally, inclusion of other like-minded stakeholders with proper organization systems helps in successful realization of the program. Presence of resourceful government agencies and non-governmental organizations helps to strengthen systems that have already been laid out for implementation of the health promotion program.

Most of the chronic diseases can be prevented if attention was directed towards prevention. The main objective in prevention of type II diabetes through health promotion programs is to enhance the quality of life for the society. There are three levels of health promotion prevention. They include primary, secondary and tertiary levels.

Primary prevention is the fundamental level of prevention since it involves creating awareness to healthy people who have not yet been affected by the disease. It therefore incorporates strategies that create a favorable atmosphere that promotes healthy living. Primary prevention involves prior planning by anticipating the best ways to avoid occurrence of a problem.

On the other hand, secondary prevention involves detection of a disease or a problem before it is typically established. It requires the skillfulness of the nurses and other health professionals to identify risk factors that when reverted, results to prevention of occurrence of the problem. Finally, tertiary prevention occurs when the disease has already set in and become pronounced in the person. It involves treatment of the disease so as to control its effects on the health of the ailing person and even attain healing at the long run (Walker et al., 2010).  This level of prevention aims at reducing pain and other complications from the disease so that the patients can regain their health and lead normal lives. 

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