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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease that attacks the human immune system and renders it ineffective. It makes people more vulnerable to contracting various infections of the body like; diseases, opportunistic infections, tumors, and many other infections that do not easily affect people with a normally working immune system. Briefly, AIDS is a ‘multiple-edge’ killer disease that kills at every opportunity it gets. Since its discovery in the 1980s, specialists have tried to end the misery of AIDS patients by trying to find a cure for the disease, but this has been unsuccessful. Instead, they have managed to come up with drugs that control the disease by preventing chances opportunistic infections. However, these drugs are either very expensive or completely inaccessible to a larger portion of the infected population. That is why researchers have speculated that come 2030, AIDS will be the third largest killer disease in the globe.

Nonetheless, with this dreaded disease everyone is trying to be careful. People are looking at what may put them into the risk of contracting this infection and finding the best way to protect themselves rather than ending up in the hopeless point of lifelong treatment of the disease, which is also very expensive. With regards to that,  it is important to note that AIDS is transmitted through many ways such as; vaginal, oral, or anal sex; blood transfusion, hypodermic needles; and exchange from the mother to child during pregnancy, birth, and breastfeeding. Although AIDS does not discriminate based on age group, culture, gender, and race, young people, especially between twenty and thirty years of age, and say in America would be at risk of contracting the infection because of certain circumstances that are mostly related to this group. These are; unprotected vaginal or anal sex with an infected person, sharing piercing equipment like needles, oral sex, blood transfusion, and any form of contact with the mucous membrane or bloodstream with a bodily fluid that has the virus.

In conclusion, having learnt the risks of contracting the infection and knowing that I am not exempted from it, I know that I am also at risk. In effect, there are protective measures that an individual would take to avoid the risk of being infected with AIDS. First, and a sure way of avoiding the infection through sexual intercourse is abstinence from sexual activity. However, if someone has to engage in an activity of sexual nature then it is important that they use protective measures like condoms to prevent any exchange of infected bodily fluids. Alternatively, sexual partners must do a test to determine their HIV status before engaging in any sexual encounter. Nonetheless, while using piercing equipment, it is important for an individual to ensure that the tools are not shared with anyone, or that they are thoroughly sanitized. Apart from that, during blood transfusion, the recipient patient should make sure that the blood is thoroughly screened for HIV and other infections before it is injected into their bloodstream. These are some of the few preventive measures against HIV.

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