The chapter of innovation is addresses by Paul with aims to actually reaching educators. It was a fact that educators were intending to shift from a given initiative to another without gaining a strong knowledge foundation, so as to make some improvements to an extent where it is flawlessly implemented by the initiative. From the book, it reveals that innovations arise because of the small improvements that are being made by educators that they continuously introduce out of what already exist. However, educators have not considered innovation their first priority. From the little that has been done by educators, they have brought about the success despite the fact they were not taught by anyone.
Innovation is simple unlike technological devices whose complexities surprise customers. In education basically, innovation is considered as something that can make complicated tasks easier in a day-to-day life. Challenging tasks are always avoided by many, and this is therefore the reason that demands for ease in the education sector. Innovations that are not challenging are usually successful. From the presentations that the author has given, he employs metaphors in his paper clip, so as to demonstrate innovation greatness. Though the paper clip has been used for over a decade now, it is still considered as one of the greatest parts of daily chores, because the paper organization into various sheets of papers held together is making the task easier and even more enjoyable.
For all the innovations that have been made within this period, this has been so amazing. The surgical process for the corrective eye surgery has been transformed by laser. Although the innovation is quite complicated, those in medicine have found it useful in the everyday operations. In order to achieve success in learning and even greater teaching, it is therefore the role of educators to ensure that they come up with innovative ideas that meet global competition. Similar outcomes are acquired when things are always done the usual way.
Focusing on business, Toyota is a popularly known business innovator which has led in the business sector for quite a longer time. With materials for literacy learning, it was released by the pacific learning which has integration with the interactive whiteboard. In author’s view, Toyota with Pacific Learning together with some other few have tried their best with the hope that they have put in place innovation initiatives be taken to school.
In this book, the author has made some efforts to focus on innovation. In employing such a concept and combining it with the other leadership and triangulated compliances, they will be able to offer framework for their use and maybe for the sake of others in the compliance-driven environment.
Powerful Professional Development by Diane Hoppey
Cultivating Powerful Job- Embedded Professional Development
From this chapter, the author focuses on some phrases that mostly apply to the life of teachers. They include; “I hear and I forget”, “I see and I forget” and so much more. The phases are quite helpful to teachers as they contribute towards education of their students. It is clear that more often, professional learning always start through new innovations that are first heard. From this chapter, teachers find it complicated in delivering their services, they add to say that the complexities that are realized should not be underestimated. There is something that seems to have been assumed, and that is what has made the author of this book so critically focused on them. Some of these are that people have assumed that achieving effective teaching has always been a routine which is not true; the issue that students are passive seems to have also been assumed. Questions that are being asked for practice purpose are not simple and can neither be predicted nor standardized as people usually say, according to a report given by the author.
In his effort to illustrate the complexities of teaching, he established four things that are core foundation of job-embedded professional development. They include; knowledge type, knowledge source, orientation and finally learning needs. It is from these four building blocks that the author feels that a better understanding would be attained on the complexities that are attached to the complexity of teacher knowledge.
Within the source of knowledge, he further subdivided them into subsections: knowledge for practice which is responsible for letting educators to acquire information concerning new educational-research-based practices where their worth has been legitimized. Knowledge in practice, this basic block is quite important to teachers, as it helps them put what they have acquired into practice, it is basically meant to improve the teaching practice. Thirdly, knowledge of practice has struck much attention from professional developers. It addresses the issue that when teachers apply their own knowledge, there is a high chance of making mistakes.
Knowledge type is being a second building block which illustrates that teachers are supposed to posses a wider range of knowledge as it is important in their service delivery. With time teachers have gained this knowledge such as pedagogical knowledge, curriculum knowledge, content knowledge, student knowledge, context knowledge among others.
Teachers nowadays have been accused in their mode teaching, as policy makers see it to lack content knowledge in it. In the view of policy makers, teachers should be in a position to first aware of what they are to deliver in their teaching practices, by doing so they will be able to deliver the effective instructional decisions.
The chapter was actually aiming at developing powerful professional development, so that the National Staff Development Council will be utilized. It will also help develop strong approaches to job-embedded professional development.
Some of these are people who have assumed that achieving effective teaching has always been a routine which is not true; the issue that students are passive seems to have also been assumed Questions that are being asked for the practice purpose are not simple and can neither be predicted nor standardized as people usually say according to a report given by the author.
How Can You Make it Happen?
Educators often make innovation happen, especially in the students in a situation when they are faced with a challenge or when professionals demand for a new innovation. Professionals are being affected by upcoming challenges of educating and rapid increment in the proportion of population awaiting their services. The pushing demand has called for efficiency and high productivity thus eating up finances.
The decision makers have taken the role of funding the entire sector by engaging in programmes which will end up lending loans for the project completion. A part from being funders to innovation, they also assume the responsibility of ensuring that quality is focused. They therefore developed a quality assurance within their committee. It was after Dianne analyzed this that she developed the question “how can you make it happen?” and “how can it be managed?”
Dianne believed that it was possible for innovation to begin from a small group individual and spread to all other parts thus changing the entire system. This type of innovation has been termed as disruptive innovation in other sectors of the economy. She explains that disruptive economy is technology-driven and its key objective is to provide what have not yet been met by the existing systems.
Innovation for professionals keeps its own improving and the main target of innovators is to provide their service to that new group of individuals believing they will be impressed. Innovation is characterized by its simplicities which can easily be adopted by anyone willing. In adopting the new idea it should be affordable so that everyone could be in a position to adopt it.
It order to succeed in developing the intended innovation, it should employ the enabling technology, everything simple and also be a routine. Lastly, the innovation will be able to pave way for new models that should provide a new way of organizing technology, people, and processes during the service delivery at a friendly cost.
In higher education, innovation has to be realized to take a better path at evident in the online education occupationally focusing programmes on hold. Such kind of education has been adopted by students whose mode of learning requires flexibility in order to achieve their goal of education.
In her book, Dianne states that educators have learned that two types of students exist; nontraditional and traditional. For nontraditional they have two missions that they should administer at the same time, while for traditional students, educators should employ on those teaching strategies that will make them acquire knowledge and skills to be successful in their labor market.
Nontraditional students is continuously increasing, this will improve the quality of learning as they are going to change the mode of teaching because they differ from the declining traditional students who are at incumbent universities.
According to some professionals, innovation will be in a position to measure learning of the student, will come up with ways in which they can interact with peers and learn, and finally redesign ways for hybrid learning. This type of innovation has been termed as disruptive innovation in other sectors of the economy. She explains that disruptive economy is technology-driven and its key objective is to provide what have not yet been met by the existing systems.
Professional Learning Communities Powerful Professional Development
Culturally responsive teaching has been described by Dianne as adopting the cultural knowledge in respect to experiences and the style of performance of diverse students, in order to make learning appropriate and even effective to them. In her description, Dianne gave several features of responsive teaching; in validating towards the cultural teaching its heritage that exists in different ethnic groups would be legitimately acknowledged. Its attitudes, depositions and approaches of learning would be left a legacy and contained what is to be taught in the formal curriculum.
In responding to the cultural learning, a link will be created between homes and school experiences and also links between socio-cultural life and academic life. In addition, students will have been taught how to embrace their cultures as they extend their learning to other cultural heritages.
This kind of learning employs a wide range of strategies which is in most cases instructions so as to connect different types of learning. Information, materials and resources at the multicultural level will be incorporated in all the subjects that are being taught in institutions.
In order to improve the cultural responsiveness, classroom environment should be put into consideration. This is mainly because a classroom is a composition of varied ethnicities and literal genres. For instance, instructions pertaining math concepts would incorporate day-to-day life, economics, consumer habits, employment of the various ethnic backgrounds.
Culturally responsive educators establish social, emotional, intellectual and political learning through culture referent so as to impart knowledge, attitudes and skills. In the real sense, cultural responsive educators teach the child as a whole. Educators found out that in teaching culture responsiveness, academic achievement are not only met but the heritage and identity remains intact.
Dianne took her time to study actual instructional elementary classroom and experienced the values being practiced. She concluded that a group of learners will be a motivating factor towards excellence, because there were clear expressions of expectations. Skills are better taught in an exhibition of interpersonal relations.
In a culturally responsive teaching, students behave as if they are from an extended family, where they assist one another and also support others which will motivate them to move forward.
In her findings, she realized that culturally responsive teaching will train students to more of a human being and excel in their learning. Traditional educational practices are not incorporated by the culturally responsive teachings as far as color is concern. It is ensuring that culture is respected with the various groups’ experiences so that it can be utilized as resources for teaching and learning. She asserts that it should be informative in order to serve groups from marginalized area (Hoppey & Dana, 2010).